A solvent is a fluid phase (liquid, gas, or plasma)
that dissolves a solid, liquid, or gaseous solute,
resulting in a solution. The most common solvent
in everyday life is water.
The term organic solvent refers to most other
solvents that are organic compounds and contain
carbon atoms. Solvents usually have a low boiling
point and evaporate easily or can be removed by
distillation, thereby leaving the dissolved substance
Solvents are usually clear and colorless liquids
and most of them have a characteristic odor. The
concentration of a solution is the amount of compound
that is dissolved in a certain volume of solvent.
Solvents are categorized as follows: